Sangiran

Posted on January 6, 2018
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Sangiran is located 15 km from Surakarta. It is a village located 17 Km north of Solo, on the road to Purwodadi. It is an important place for Pithecanthropus Erectus, the pre-historic Java man. It is fossilized land of prehistoric living things. The Pleistocene Museum keeps some skills of the erectus, fossils of plants and animals. Sangiran and other places such as Wajak (near Tulungangung) and Trinil (near Ngawi) are significant places for human evolution/theory. It is interesting place for scientific tourism in the field of geology, anthropology and archeology. Many experts came to this site to do some research and study among other; Van Es (1939), Duyfyes (1936), Van Bemmelen (1937), Van Koeningswald (1938), Sartono (1960), Suradi (1962) and Otto Sudarmaji (1976). Van Koeningswald said that more than five different types of hominoid fossils have been found in Sangiran, it was incredible. There is no other place in the world like Sangiran. The Sangiran fossils are very various, they were earth as well as sea fossils. There was a possibility that island of Java was erected from the bottom of sea million years ago.

In 1891, Eugene Dubois, a French anthropologist discovered fossils of Pithecanthropus Erectus, the oldest Java man known. Again in 1930 and 1931, Ngandong Village, Trinil-Mojokerto, was marked with the discovery of fossils of a man that belonged to the Pleistocene Period. It revealed human history from many centuries ago. Prof. Dr. Van Koenigswald in 1936 found more evidence about human evolution. He discovered some fossils that support the theory of human growth from an ape-man to be man as we are now. Other fossils including those of mammoths (prehistoric elephant) are now preserved in the Bandung Geological Museum. In mid 1980, the finding of a complete 4 m tall elephant startled scientists. Nowadays, the villagers of Sangiran are making souvenirs from stones such as statues, axes, eggs, rings, etc to promote tourism. ( source: http://www.indonesia-tourism.com )[/vc_column_text]

Admission: 5,000 rupiah for domestik visitor and  11.500 rupiah for foriegn visitor. Update Jan 2018

Daily open ( 7/7) Tuesday –Sunday : 08:00 – 16:00 local time ( Monday off )

History

  • 1883: The Dutch paleoanthropologist Eugène Dubois undertook preliminary fieldwork at Sangiran. However Dubois did not find many fossils of interest so he shifted his attention to Trinil in East Java where he found significant discoveries.
  • 1934: The anthropologist Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald started to examine the area. During excavations in the next years fossils of some of the first known human ancestors, Pithecanthropus erectus (“Java Man”, now reclassified as part of the species Homo erectus), were found here. About 60 more human fossils, among them the enigmatic “Meganthropus”, have since been found. Sangiran 2, for example, was discovered by von Koenigswald at the site. In addition, there are considerable numbers of remains of the animals that these primitive humans hunted, and of others that merely shared the habitat. Stegodon trigonocephalus – Molar
  • 1977: The Indonesian Government designated an area of 56 km2 around Sangiran as a Daerah Cagar Budaya (Protected Cultural Area).
  • 1988: A modest local site museum and conservation laboratory were set up at Sangiran.
  • 1996: UNESCO registered Sangiran as a World Heritage Site in the World Heritage List as the Sangiran Early Man Site.
  • 2011: The current museum and visitors’ centre was opened by the Minister for Education and Culture on 15 December.
  • 2012: President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono visited the museum in February accompanied by 11 cabinet ministers.

Over time, following the initial work by Dubois and von Koenigswald at Sangiran, other scholars including Indonesian archeologists undertook work at the site. Indonesian scholars included Teuku Jacob, Etty Indriati, Sartono, Fachroel Aziz, Harry Widianto, Yahdi Zaim, and Johan Arif. ( https://en.wikipedia.org )

Access to the Sangiran museum is gained by travelling around 15 km north from Surakarta along the main road towards the central Java town of Purwodadi. The turnoff to the museum, just past the small market town of Kalioso, leads along a sealed road which winds through a relatively poor rural area for around 4 km before reaching the final short entry road to the visitors centre to the right. Total travel time from Surakarta, depending on traffic conditions along the crowded Surakarta-Purwodadi road, is about 45-60 mins.

There are frequent buses along the route from Surakarta to Purwodadi which will drop passengers off at the turnoff on request. Local informal motorcycle taxi drivers will ferry visitors along the remaining 4 km for a modest charge. (The museum is open from 8.00am to 4.00pm each day except for Mondays when the museum is closed.)

  • Hotel / Penginapan Graha , Jl. Wr. Supratman No. 145 – Telp. +62-271‐893699, Rooms : 48, Tariff : IDR 120.000 – 500.000
  • Hotel / Penginapan Kara Guest House , Jl. Rokan No. 5, Sragen Tengah, Sragen, Jawa Tengah – Telp. +62-271‐895769 Rooms : 16, Tariff : IDR 400.000 – 750.000
  • Hotel / Penginapan Martonegaran, Jl. Ronggowarsito No. 12 – Telp. +62-271‐891935, Rooms : 30, Tariff : IDR 50.000 – 250.000
  • Hotel / Penginapan Palma , Jl. Dr. Sutomo No.1 Ring Road Utara, Desa Bangak, Sine, Kec. Sragen, Kabupaten Sragen, Jawa Tengah – Telp. +62-271‐894119, Rooms: 43, Tariff : IDR 100.000 – 250.000
  • Hotel / Penginapan Pondok Indah , Di Jl. Madura No. 1 Rt 35 Rw 11, Distrikan Widoro 1 – Telp. +62-271‐891351, Rooms : 6, Tariff : IDR 70.000 – 200.000

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